Module 3 - Crowd Dynamics (static and dynamic crowds)

In this module, we outline the principles of crowd dynamics. We focus on risks associated with packing density (static crowds) and moving space requirements (dynamic crowds) for crowd safety and crowd risk analysis. We also outline the formation of “shock waves” in the crowd and how they develop. The module has two assessments for system design.

Lesson Topics

       (1)    Static crowd density

       (2)    Moving crowd density

       (3)    Crowd Shockwaves

       (4)    Crowd Collapse

       (5)    The dynamics of crowd collapse

       (6)    Queuing systems

       (7)    Flowing systems


Sample slides


Click here for information on our eLearning version of “Introduction to Crowd Science


© G. Keith Still.  All rights reserved (worldwide). All images, videos, audio files and text are protected under international copyright law  You may not copy, modify or use any of the website content, in whole or in part, for any commercial or non-commercial purpose without permission.  Contact email